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Wednesday 25 April 2018
25 April 2018 - NEWS UPDATE
Climate Change

UK to fall short on carbon reduction targets, Govt’s climate panel warns

The Government’s independent climate change watchdog has warned that the UK is likely to fall short of emission reducing targets because of a lack of strength in key policies.


In its report published today, the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) found that carbon budgets can be met at affordable cost, but that this will require a greater focus on energy efficiency and investing in low-carbon technologies.
The CCC’s latest progress briefing to Parliament identifies that good progress has been made on development and implementation of some, but not all, policies. The first carbon budget has been met through successful low-carbon policies but also as a consequence of the impacts of the recession.
There has been strong progress in improving the fuel efficiency of new cars, as required by EU regulation, and in investing in wind generation under the Renewables Obligation. Foundations have been laid for the electric vehicle market and for demonstration of carbon capture and storage (CCS), although uptake of electric vehicles has been low and progress with CCS has been “frustratingly slow” – according to the report.
In other areas, progress has been limited, notably in energy efficiency improvement in the commercial and industrial sectors and in the uptake of heat pumps. Previous good progress in residential energy efficiency fell away with the new policy regime in 2013.
Under the current rate of progress future budgets will not all be met. Current policies may only reduce emissions by 21 to 23 per cent from 2013 to 2025, rather than the required 31 per cent reduction. To close this gap, the report recommends ways to increase uptake of energy efficiency improvement and investment in low-carbon technologies, supported by some behaviour change.
According to the CCC, achieving this will require further strengthening of policies, including the improvement to policy design and increased ambition, extended further in time.
The CCC makes recommendations in the following specific areas:
* Residential energy efficiency. Progress insulating homes plummeted with the introduction of new policies in 2013 (the Green Deal and Energy Company Obligation), according to the report. For example, over 600,000 cavity walls were insulated in 2012 but only 170,000 in 2013. The Energy Company Obligation (ECO) is now being redesigned to include more low-cost measures and new financial incentives are being introduced for the Green Deal. This is welcome, but ambition remains low and should be increased.
* Renewable heat. Increasing uptake of low-carbon heat is a priority. Despite the fact that the current scheme to incentivise this – the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) – is very generous, take-up of heat pumps has been very low (e.g. only around 1 per cent of spend to date in the non-domestic scheme). Rather than increase subsidy further, the Government is urged to focus on tackling financial and non-financial barriers. This should include extending commitment and funding to the RHI beyond 2016, to reduce policy insecurity and encourage supply chain development, and allowing access to Green Deal finance for renewable heat installations
* Commercial sector. The report claims there is not much evidence of energy efficiency improvement in the commercial sector despite opportunities to do so. The policy landscape is complex and has mixed incentives. It recommends the situation should be simplified to lower administrative costs while, at the same time, improving delivery
* Power Sector. There has been progress on Electricity Market Reform, according to the report, but there is a high degree of uncertainty about the support for low-carbon capacity beyond 2020. This undermines investment. The CCC says this should be addressed by setting a carbon intensity target for 2030, together with funding to deliver this and strategies for commercialising offshore wind and CCS
* Electric Vehicles. While there have been some positive signals about the development of the electric vehicle market, the uptake of electric vehicles has been low. An ambitious EU target for new car emissions in 2030 would strengthen incentives for manufacturers to promote electric vehicles and develop innovative approaches to financing. This should be supported strongly by the Government. If put alongside further investment and development in charging infrastructure this could allow the current purchase subsidy to be phased out over time.
Action to cut emissions is increasingly important given progress that has been made towards ambitious new EU emissions targets, and the increase in the pace of international action. There is a clear economic benefit of acting now to cut emissions. This offers significant cost savings relative to delaying action, and will build a resilient energy system which is less reliant of fossil fuels.
Lord Deben, Chairman of the Committee on Climate Change, said: “Climate change demands urgent action. We have started on the road and we are being joined by much of the rest of the world.
“However, despite our success, the UK is still not on track to meet our statutory commitment to cut emissions by 80 per cent. The longer we leave it, the costlier it becomes. This report shows the best and most cost-effective ways to ensure we meet our targets. There is no time to lose.”
Responding to the report’s findings, Friends of the Earth Senior Climate Change Campaigner Simon Bullock said: “The Committee rightly warns that Government climate plans are way off course.
“The wettest winter on record should be a wake-up call that the impacts of climate change are already battering Britain, and without tougher action they will only get worse.

“Slashing carbon emissions offers huge opportunities for British jobs and business, through investment in low carbon technologies and infrastructure. And reversing the shocking slow-down in progress on energy efficiency will cut people’s fuel bills.

“The Government says it’s committed to tackling climate change – but when it comes to taking action Ministers appear to be sleeping at the helm.”
Paul King, Chief Executive of the UK Green Building Council, commented: “While Government has clearly made good progress on some of its efforts to cut carbon, the Committee exposes the lack of headway on energy efficiency within our buildings, and in particular, an unravelling of the previous good work on home energy efficiency.
“This is ironic given that carbon reduction in buildings is not only the most cost effective way of tacking climate change, but it also protects both households and businesses from soaring energy bills.
“Time is running out for the current Government to grasp this and to deliver on crucial policy areas such as zero carbon homes and minimum energy performance standards in commercial buildings.”
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